Toronto travel guide




Toronto Travel Guide

Toronto: Governor Simcoe (1793-1812)

The American Revolution from 1776-1783 placed loyalists northward to remaining British territory. Their deals along the upper St Lawrence and lower lakes conducted to the creation of the province of Upper Canada in 1791. Plans for a town at centrally situated Toronto, were realized by Upper Canada's first governor, John Graves Simcoe.

Simcoe principally observed the village as a commanding position to protect a troubled American boundary. In 1793 there was a little town laid out by the harbour, naming it York (Toronto was actually known as York for a brief period), and soon he was using it as the capital of Upper Canada, erecting parliament buildings and cutting roads inland.

Yonge Street was established in 1796, named by Simcoe for then the British secretary of war Sir George Yonge. The street is now known as the longest street in the world at 1,900 kilometres (1,190 miles) and stretches from the edge of Lake Ontario all the way up past Lake Superior. In the fall of 1796 Simcoe returned to Britain on leave and was reassigned to military duties in the West Indies.

Toronto History

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