Toronto travel guide

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JULY 24

Toronto Travel Guide

Toronto: From York to Toronto (1815-1834)




By 1834 the town rapidly grew of over 9000 inhabitants was merged as the city of Toronto, with an elected civic government led by William Lyon Mackenzie as first mayor. Toronto then progressed.

The 1800's

  • In the 1840s Toronto expanded its commercial lead, as steamboat port activity and gaslit, severed main streets marked its urban rise.
  • In the 1850s railway building provided to the city a radiating web of tracks connecting it to New York and Montréal, the upper lakes at Georgian Bay, and across western Upper Canada to Detroit and Chicago.
  • In the 1850s its own regional grasp was amply extended; wholesaling, banking and railway entrepreneurship grew accordingly.
  • The city was became the capital of the new province of Ontario at Confederation in 1867, and by the 1870s it was becoming notably industrialized.
  • A city of 30 000 in 1851 was over 5 times bigger by 1891, aided by industrial tariff protection after 1879 and the promotional drive of leaders such as railway builder Casimir Gzowski and department store builder Timothy Eaton.

The 1900's

  • From the later 1890s into a resounding early 20th century, the settlement of the Canadian West and the tapping of northern Ontario's forests and mines opened further markets and resources to Toronto.
  • In 1911, Hydroelectric power granted by the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario from Niagara Falls gave cheap energy for more factory growth, the city's banks, investment and insurance companies invaded regions well beyond Ontario.
  • World War I extended Toronto's investment and manufacturing scope.
  • In the successful 1920s development continued as new suburban municipalities rose around an overflowing city of some half million.
  • Toronto was hit by the Great Depression of the 1930s, yet Toronto suffered proportionately less than many other Canadian centres.
  • World War II revived growth, shaping electronic, aircraft and precision-machine industries. And in the postwar era Toronto boomed, as a ravaged Europe renewed its material stock. Population swelled further, to over a million in Greater Toronto by 1951.
  • A Metropolitan government was set up in 1953 under a vigorous first chairman Frederick Gardiner. The Metropolitan Toronto Authority handled area-wide requirements. The subway system begun by the city in 1949 was built up, parks and drainage projects were effected and material through roads constructed.
  • In 1967 small suburbs were amalgamated, leaving a Metro structure of the city of Toronto and 5 boroughs, of which all but East York had also become cities by 1991, as their populations soared.
  • On June 26, 1976, after 40 months of construction the CN Tower is open to the public. The CN Tower is Canada’s most recognizable and celebrated icon and the world’s tallest building at a height of 553.33m (1,815 ft., 5 inches). The CN Tower has become the symbol of Toronto.
  • In 1998 the new "megacity" of Toronto came into existence. Toronto then became the 5th largest city in North America at 2.4 million, which is more people than the populations of most of the provinces and territories in Canada.


Toronto History



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